Benito Mussolini is born in1883 in the Romagna, a region of farmers and labourers, and grows up in an Italy where the economic crisis determines people’s lives. This leads to mass emigrations in the south and also in the better developed areas of the north, the situation escalates. In 1911 unemployment reaches a record high throughout the entire country.
The most important event in 1911 is the Libyan war. In the hope of solving their social problems, the Italians occupy the provinces of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, which belong to the Ottoman Empire, in September. On 4th October, they enter Tripoli. Instead of the hoped for easy military exercise, a long and cruel war ensues. All over Italy, a strong revolutionary movement rises against this battle for conquest.