31 federal states and the capital district of Mexico City form the United Mexican States.
With an overall area of almost two million square kilometres, Mexico is the fifth-largest country on the two American continents. Globally, Mexico ranks eleventh with a population of roughly 110 million people. The population is composed of 60 % mestizos, 30 % indigenous peoples and about 10 % people of European ancestry, mostly from Spain.
Since December 1, 2012, Enrique Peña Nieto has been head of state and government.
As regards the climate, Mexico is a diverse country that has sub-tropical as well as alpine and desert climate zones.