It is winter. Snow and ice transform the landscape into a fairy tale scenery. At sub-zero temperatures, ice crystals form on branches and other objects.
The snow cover is not always uniform but sometimes shows varied structures of snow and ice crystals as well.
Snow is frozen rain, that is, precipitation falling from the clouds. Clouds, in turn, consist of gaseous water vapour which transforms into precipitation in certain conditions.
Where the sun shines and temperatures rise again, snow and ice begin to melt. Thaw sets in, and snow and ice change into water again. But snow and ice can also exist simultaneously.
Even at high minus temperatures, streams and rivers still carry water. On their banks, exciting ice formations can develop as a result.
Stagnant waters, such as lakes and ponds, however, tend to freeze because the water in them hardly moves.
The solid, liquid and gaseous states are the three classic aggregate states. We encounter the interplay between water vapour, liquid water and ice in many situations.
Complex physical processes lie behind it. Let us take a closer look at them now.