Women and the Church. Pope Joan springs to mind: a powerful woman at the head of the Catholic Church – unthinkable. Therefore, material for a novel and its film adaptation. The fictional story may embody the wish for a female reign of the Church, in reality a Pope Joan never existed. Ludwig Maximilian University Munich: at the Roman-Catholic chair of Dogmatic and Ecumenical Theology the issue of women's rights is also a part of the curriculum. What role should women have in the churches? Meanwhile, students of Catholic theology criticize the discrepancy between ecclesiastical and secular points of view.