He is considered one of the best-known personalities of our time and has been the Tibetans’ spiritual leader for more than 50 years. The Dalai Lama – His views are inspiration to many. The tradition of the Dalai Lamas reaches back to the 15th century. Dalai Lama is a Mongolian title of honour and was first bestowed on a Tibetan Buddhist monk in 1578 by the Mongol ruler at the time. This monk was called Gyatso, which means sea of wisdom. Dalai is the Mongolian translation of this name and lama is a Tibetan word for monk. Up to now the title has been conferred on 14 Tibetan monks, to the first two only posthumously.