While large parts of Europe still lived in the Dark Middle Ages and huge cathedrals dominated the cities, a new consciousness blossomed in Florence, Italy at the beginning of the 15th century:
It was the period of the Renaissance.
Within few decades people’s self-image changed radically.
Art blossomed and the new scientific curiosity created a wealth of discoveries and inventions:
and the philosophy of humanism laid the foundation for our present-day self-perception.
It seemed as if humanity had awoken from a long sleep.
The Renaissance changed the world for good and marked the beginning of the modern era.
But what were the causes of this unprecedented radical change?