India – in official language also called Republic of India, is a state in South Asia. Its national territory has an extension of about 3,287,263 km2, and is inhabited by 1.3 billion people. In the north the country reaches up to the Himalayas and the south is enclosed by the Indian Ocean. The southern tip of India is near the island state of Sri Lanka. To the northwest it borders Pakistan. To the north it borders China, the Chinese Autonomous Region of Tibet respectively, Nepal and Bhutan, to the east Myanmar and Bangladesh. In addition, the Adaman and Nicobar Islands in the Gulf of Bengal and the Laccadives in the Arabian Sea are part of India as well.